A method of manufacturing photonic band gap structures operable in the optical spectrum has been presented. The method comprises the steps of creating a patterned template for an elastomeric mold, fabricating an elastomeric mold from poly-dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) or other suitable polymer, filling the elastomeric mold with a second polymer such as epoxy or other suitable polymer, stamping the second polymer by making contact with a substrate or multilayer structure, removing the elastomeric mold, infiltrating the multilayer structure with ceramic or metal, and heating the multilayer structure to remove the second polymer to form a photonic band gap structure.
US 6,555,406 B1
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
Leung, Wai Y.; Constant, Kristen P.; Ho, Kai-Ming; Sigalas, Mihail; Kang, Henry; Kim, Chang-Hwan; Cann, David P.; and Lee, Jae Hwang, "Fabrication of photonic band gap materials using microtransfer molded templates" (2003). Iowa State University Patents. 288.