A magnetometer which employs a rod of magnetostrictive material comprising a ternary alloy of dysprosium, terbium and iron wherein the grains of the material have their common principal axes substantially pointed along the axis of the rod. Means are provided for compressively stressing the rod in order to enhance themagnetostrictive response thereof. A laser source and photosensor are associated with a free end of the rod to function as an external cavity laser sensor. A DC magnetic bias is required for the magnetostrictive rod in order to operate in the sensitive range of the magnetostrictive characteristics of the rod. In a portable implementation of the device, the DC bias is provided by means of permanent magnets, preferably rare earth magnets, in order to provide the high bias fields compatible with high sensitivity of the material in a miniaturized portable device.
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
Chung, Wing C.; Jiles, David C.; Verhoeven, John D.; and Weber, Robert J., "Magnetostrictive magnetometer" (1991). Iowa State University Patents. 76.