The present invention provides new catalyst formats which comprise a supportedcatalyst tethered to a second and different catalyst by a suitable tethering ligand.A preferred system comprises a heterogeneous supported metal catalyst tethered to a homogeneous catalyst. This combination of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts has a sufficient lifetime and unusually high catalytic activity in arene hydrogenations, and potentially many other reactions as well, including, but not limited to hydroformylation, hydrosilation, olefin oxidation, isomerization, hydrocyanation, olefin metathesis, olefin polymerization, carbonylation, enantioselective catalysis and photoduplication. These catalysts are easily separated from the products, and can be reused repeatedly, making these systems very economical.
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
Angelici, Robert J. and Gao, Hanrong, "Catalyst system comprising a first catalyst system tethered to a supported catalyst" (1998). Iowa State University Patents. 95.