Physics and Astronomy
Journal or Book Title
Physical Review C
We present measurements of e(+)e-production at midrapidity in Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The invariant yield is studied within the PHENIX detector acceptance over a wide range of mass (m(ee) < 5 GeV/c(2)) and pair transverse momentum (p(T) < 5 GeV/c) for minimum bias and for five centrality classes. The e(+)e(-) yield is compared to the expectations from known sources. In the low-mass region (m(ee) = 0.30-0.76 GeV/c(2)) there is an enhancement that increases with centrality and is distributed over the entire pair p(T) range measured. It is significantly smaller than previously reported by the PHENIX experiment and amounts to 2.3 +/- 0.4(stat) +/- 0.4(syst) +/- 0.2(model) or to 1.7 +/- 0.3(stat) +/- 0.3(syst) +/- 0.2(model) for minimum bias collisions when the open heavy-flavor contribution is calculated with PYTHIA or MC@NLO, respectively. The inclusive mass and p(T) distributions, as well as the centrality dependence, are well reproduced by model calculations where the enhancement mainly originates from the melting of the rho meson resonance as the system approaches chiral symmetry restoration. In the intermediate-mass region (m(ee) = 1.2-2.8 GeV/c(2)), the data hint at a significant contribution in addition to the yield from the semileptonic decays of heavy-flavor mesons.
American Physical Society
Adare, Andrew; Apadula, Nicole J.; Campbell, Sarah C.; Ding, Lei; Dion, Alan; Hill, John C.; Hotvedt, Nels J.; Kempel, Todd; Lajoie, John G.; Lebedev, Alexandre; Ogilvie, Craig; Patel, Milap R.; Pei, H.; Perry, Joshua; Rinn, Timothy T.; Rosati, Marzia; Shimomura, M.; Silva, C. L.; Timilsina, Arbin; Wei, Feng; et al.; and PHENIX Collaboration, "Dielectron production in Au plus Au collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV" (2016). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 218.