Physics and Astronomy
Journal or Book Title
Physical Review D
We present midrapidity measurements from the PHENIX experiment of large parity-violating single-spin asymmetries of high transverse momentum electrons and positrons from W-+/-/Z decays, produced in longitudinally polarized p + p collisions at center of mass energies of root s = 500 and 510 GeV. These asymmetries allow direct access to the antiquark polarized parton distribution functions due to the parity-violating nature of the W-boson coupling to quarks and antiquarks. The results presented are based on data collected in 2011, 2012, and 2013 with an integrated luminosity of 240 pb(-1), which exceeds previous PHENIX published results by a factor of more than 27. These high Q(2) data probe the parton structure of the proton at W mass scale and provide an important addition to our understanding of the antiquark parton helicity distribution functions at an intermediate Bjorken x value of roughly M-W / root s = 0.16.
American Physical Society
Adare, Andrew; Apadula, Nicole; Campbell, Sarah C.; Ding, Lei; Dion, Alan; Hill, John C.; Hotvedt, Nels J.; Kempel, Todd; Lajoie, John G.; Lebedev, Alexandre; Ogilvie, Craig; Patel, Milap R.; Pei, H.; Perry, Joshua; Rinn, Timothy T.; Rosati, Marzia; Shaver, Alex; Shimomura, M.; Timilsina, Arbin; Voas, Brian K.; Whitaker, Shawn; et al.; and PHENIX Collaboration, "Measurement of parity-violating spin asymmetries in W-+/- production at midrapidity in longitudinally polarized p plus p collisions" (2016). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 226.