Physics and Astronomy
Journal or Book Title
Physical Review C
We report the observation at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider of suppression of back-to-back correlations in the direct photon+jet channel in Au+Au relative to p+p collisions. Two-particle correlations of direct photon triggers with associated hadrons are obtained by statistical subtraction of the decay photon-hadron (gamma-h) background. The initial momentum of the away-side parton is tightly constrained, because the parton-photon pair exactly balance in momentum at leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics, making such correlations a powerful probe of the in-medium parton energy loss. The away-side nuclear suppression factor, I-AA, in central Au+Au collisions, is 0.32 +/- 0.12(stat)+/- 0.09(syst) for hadrons of 3 < p(T)(h)< 5 in coincidence with photons of 5 < p(T)(gamma)< 15 GeV/c. The suppression is comparable to that observed for high-p(T) single hadrons and dihadrons. The direct photon associated yields in p+p collisions scale approximately with the momentum balance, z(T)equivalent to p(T)(h)/p(T)(gamma), as expected for a measurement of the away-side parton fragmentation function. We compare to Au+Au collisions for which the momentum balance dependence of the nuclear modification should be sensitive to the path-length dependence of parton energy loss.
American Physical Society
Adare, Andrew; Belikov, Sergey; Constantin, Paul; Grau, Nathan C.; Hill, John C.; Kempel, Todd; Lajoie, John G.; Lebedev, Alexandre; Ogilvie, Craig; Pei, H.; Rak, Jan; Rosati, Marzia; Semenov, Alexey Yu.; Skutnik, S.; Vale, Carla; Wei, Feng; et al.; and PHENIX Collaboration, "Photon-hadron jet correlations in p plus p and Au plus Au collisions at s(NN)=200 GeV" (2009). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 306.