Campus Units

Physics and Astronomy, Mathematics, Chemistry, Ames Laboratory

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

1985

Journal or Book Title

Physical Review A

Volume

32

Issue

5

First Page

2926

Last Page

2943

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevA.32.2926

Abstract

For random walks on finite lattices with multiple (completely adsorbing) traps, one is interested in the mean walk length until trapping and in the probability of capture for the various traps (either for a walk with a specific starting site, or for an average over all nontrap sites). We develop the formulation of Montroll to enable determination of the large-lattice-size asymptotic behavior of these quantities. (Only the case of a single trap has been analyzed in detail previously.) Explicit results are given for the case of symmetric nearest-neighbor random walks on two-dimensional (2D) square and triangular lattices. Procedures for exact calculation of walk lengths on a finite lattice with a single trap are extended to the multiple-trap case to determine all the above quantities. We examine convergence to asymptotic behavior as the lattice size increases. Connection with Witten-Sander irreversible particle-cluster aggregation is made by noting that this process corresponds to designating all sites adjacent to the cluster as traps. Thus capture probabilities for different traps determine the proportions of the various shaped clusters formed. (Reciprocals of) associated average walk lengths relate to rates for various irreversible aggregation processes involving a gas of walkers and clusters. Results are also presented for some of these quantities.

Comments

This article is published as Evans, J. W., and R. S. Nord. "Random walks on finite lattices with multiple traps: Application to particle-cluster aggregation." Physical Review A 32, no. 5 (1985): 2926, doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.32.2926. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

American Physical Society

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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