Physics and Astronomy
Journal or Book Title
The Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME) -- the separation of positive and negative electric charges along the direction of the external magnetic field in quark-gluon plasma and other topologically non-trivial media -- is a consequence of the coupling of electrodynamics to the topological gluon field fluctuations that form metastable CP-odd domains. In phenomenological models it is usually assumed that the domains are uniform and the influence of the domain walls on the electric current flow is not essential. This paper challenges the latter assumption. A simple model consisting of a uniform spherical domain in a uniform time-dependent magnetic field is introduced and analytically solved. It is shown that (i) no electric current flows into or out of the domain, (ii) the charge separation current, viz. the total electric current flowing inside the domain in the external field direction, is a dissipative Ohm current, (iii) the CME effect can be produced either by the anomalous current or by the boundary conditions on the domain wall and (iv) the charge separation current oscillates in plasma long after the external field decays. These properties are qualitatively different from the CME in an infinite medium.
Tuchin, Kirill, "The impact of domain walls on the chiral magnetic effect in hot QCD matter" (2018). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 473.