Physics and Astronomy
Journal or Book Title
Physical Review D
We report the transverse single-spin asymmetries of J/ψ production at forward and backward rapidity, 1.2<|y|<2.2, as a function of J/ψ transverse momentum (pT) and Feynman-x (xF). The data analyzed were recorded by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider in 2015 from p+p, p+Al, and p+Au collisions with transversely polarized proton beams at √sNN=200 GeV. At this collision energy, single-spin asymmetries for heavy-flavor particle production of p+p collisions provide access to the spin-dependent gluon distribution and higher-twist correlation functions inside the nucleon, such as the gluon Qiu-Sterman and trigluon correlation functions. Proton+nucleus collisions offer an excellent opportunity to study nuclear effects on the correlation functions. The data indicate a positive asymmetry at the two-standard-deviation level in the p+p data for 2 GeV/c
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American Physical Society
Aidala, C.; Apadula, Nicole J.; Hill, John C.; Hotvedt, Nels J.; Lajoie, John G.; Lebedev, Alexandre; Lee, S. H.; Ogilvie, Craig; Patel, Milap R.; Perry, Joshua; Rinn, Timothy T.; Rosati, Marzia; Runchey, Jonathan C.; Sen, Abhisek; Shimomura, M.; Timilsina, Arbin; et al.; and PHENIX Collaboration, "Single-spin asymmetry of J/ψ production in p+p, p+Al, and p+Au collisions with transversely polarized proton beams at √sNN=200 GeV" (2018). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 504.