Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Physical Review B
The origin of the anisotropic, paramagnetic phase associated with electronic nematicity in the iron pnictides is yet to be resolved. Furthermore, the detwinning technique used to study the nematic order in single crystals is known to introduce extra anisotropy into the sample, which can smear out the transition and even modify intrinsic characteristics associated with “spontaneous” Ising, Z2, symmetry breaking. Here we use a strain- and stress-free twinned sample to show that there is a significant reduction in the energy relaxation times of the hot electrons following nonequilibrium femtosecond laser excitation on both the high- and low-temperature sides of the nematic phase transition. This femtosecond critical speeding-up behavior provides an alternative way to study complex, electronically driven nematicity, neither invoking external strain nor measuring a small anisotropy in twinned crystals. Particularly, a detailed analysis of the observed ultrafast decay time and the amplitude associated with an initial electronic relaxation provides compelling implications on the physical origin of nematicity in iron pnictides: (1) nematic fluctuations strongly influence the dynamics of electron cooling, and (2) spin fluctuations determine the part of amplitude arising from the nematicity. Finally, we discuss ultrafast coherent phonon generation which may contribute to the measured transition temperature in our ultrafast measurements.
American Physical Society
Patz, Aaron; Li, T.; Luo, L.; Yang, X.; Bud’ko, Sergey L.; Canfield, Paul C.; Perakis, I. E.; and Wang, J., "Critical speeding up of nonequilibrium electronic relaxation near nematic phase transition in unstrained Ba(Fe1-xCox)(2)As-2" (2017). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 522.