Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Applied Physics Letters
ZrMnP and HfMnP single crystals are grown by a self-flux growth technique, and structural as well as temperature dependent magnetic and transport properties are studied. Both compounds have an orthorhombic crystal structure. ZrMnP and HfMnP are ferromagnetic with Curie temperatures around 370 K and 320 K, respectively. The spontaneous magnetizations of ZrMnP and HfMnP are determined to be 1.9 μB/f.u. and 2.1 μB/f.u., respectively, at 50 K. The magnetocaloric effect of ZrMnP in terms of entropy change (ΔS) is estimated to be −6.7 kJ m−3 K−1 around 369 K. The easy axis of magnetization is  for both compounds, with a small anisotropy relative to the  axis. At 50 K, the anisotropy field along the  axis is ∼4.6 T for ZrMnP and ∼10 T for HfMnP. Such large magnetic anisotropy is remarkable considering the absence of rare-earth elements in these compounds. The first principle calculation correctly predicts the magnetization and hard axis orientation for both compounds, and predicts the experimental HfMnP anisotropy field within 25%. More importantly, our calculations suggest that the large magnetic anisotropy comes primarily from the Mn atoms, suggesting that similarly large anisotropies may be found in other 3d transition metal compounds.
Lamichhane, Tej N.; Taufour, Valentin; Masters, Morgan W.; Parker, David S.; Kaluarachchi, Udhara S.; Thimmai, Srinivasa; Bud’ko, Sergey L.; and Canfield, Paul C., "Discovery of ferromagnetism with large magnetic anisotropy in ZrMnP and HfMnP" (2016). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 547.