Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Physical Review B
The detailed optical properties have been determined for the iron-based materials AFe2As2, where A=Ca, Sr, and Ba, for light polarized in the iron-arsenic (a-b) planes over a wide frequency range, above and below the magnetic and structural transitions at TN=138, 195, and 172 K, respectively. The real and imaginary parts of the complex conductivity are fit simultaneously using two Drude terms in combination with a series of oscillators. Above TN, the free-carrier response consists of a weak, narrow Drude term, and a strong, broad Drude term, both of which show only a weak temperature dependence. Below TN there is a slight decrease of the plasma frequency but a dramatic drop in the scattering rate for the narrow Drude term, and for the broad Drude term there is a significant decrease in the plasma frequency, while the decrease in the scattering rate, albeit significant, is not as severe. The small values observed for the scattering rates for the narrow Drude term for T≪TN may be related to the Dirac conelike dispersion of the electronic bands. Below TN new features emerge in the optical conductivity that are associated with the reconstruction Fermi surface and the gapping of bands at Δ1≃45–80 meV, and Δ2≃110–210 meV. The reduction in the spectral weight associated with the free carriers is captured by the gap structure; specifically, the spectral weight from the narrow Drude term appears to be transferred into the low-energy gap feature, while the missing weight from the broad term shifts to the high-energy gap.
American Physical Society
Dai, Y. M.; Akrap, Ana; Bud’ko, Sergey L.; Canfield, Paul C.; and Homes, C. C., "Optical properties of AFe2As2 (A=Ca, Sr, and Ba) single crystals" (2016). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 570.