Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Physical Review B
We report 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of single-crystalline Ca(Fe1−xCox)2As2 (x=0.023, 0.028, 0.033, and 0.059) annealed at 350∘C for 7 days. From the observation of a characteristic shape of 75As NMR spectra in the stripe-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, as in the case of x=0 (TN=170 K), clear evidence for the commensurate AFM phase transition with the concomitant structural phase transition is observed in x=0.023 (TN=106 K) and x=0.028 (TN=53 K). Through the temperature dependence of the Knight shifts and the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rates (1/T1), although stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations are realized in the paramagnetic state as in the case of other iron pnictide superconductors, we found a gradual decrease of the AFM spin fluctuations below a crossover temperature T∗ that was nearly independent of Co-substitution concentration, and it is attributed to a pseudogaplike behavior in the spin excitation spectra of these systems. The T∗ feature finds correlation with features in the temperature-dependent interplane resistivity, ρc(T), but not with the in-plane resistivity ρa(T). The temperature evolution of anisotropic stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations is tracked in the paramagnetic and pseudogap phases by the 1/T1 data measured under magnetic fields parallel and perpendicular to the c axis. Based on our NMR data, we have added a pseudogaplike phase to the magnetic and electronic phase diagram of Ca(Fe1−xCox)2As2.
American Physical Society
Cui, Jun; Roy, B.; Tanatar, Makariy A.; Ran, S.; Bud’ko, Sergey L.; Prozorov, Ruslan; Canfield, Paul C.; and Furukawa, Yuji, "Antiferromagnetic spin correlations and pseudogaplike behavior in Ca(Fe1-xCox)(2)As-2 studied by As-75 nuclear magnetic resonance and anisotropic resistivity" (2015). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 596.