Plant Pathology and Microbiology
Journal or Book Title
Nematodes are roundworms that constitute the phylum Nematoda. Only a small fraction of nematode genera contains plant-parasitic or animal-parasitic species, while the majority of nematodes are free-living . Heterodera glycines, the soybean cyst nematode, is a plant-parasitic nematode causing major damage to soybean production worldwide. Annual United States yield loss estimates due to H. glycines range up to $1.2 billion, likely making this nematode the most serious pathogen threat to sustainable soybean production . While cyst nematode-resistant soybean cultivars are available, they do not control all H. glycines biotypes present in a given field and, therefore, select for virulent nematode populations that can overcome available resistance genes, leading to a slow but steady erosion of resistance efficacy . Clearly, long-term management of the soybean cyst nematode in modern soybean production will need additional tools, and it is likely that such new tools will be developed from detailed molecular knowledge of the complex Heterodera cyst nematode-plant interactions. This short review provides a snapshot of currently unfolding research discoveries from the genus Heterodera, which also includes other cyst nematodes, particularly the sugar beet cyst nematode H. schachtii, which can infect Arabidopsis and therefore has been used as a model system. Since nematode effectors (the proteins delivered into host plant tissues to mediate parasitism) are at the forefront of nematode–plant interactions, their identification and functional characterization are heavily emphasized in this manuscript.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Juvale, Parijat S. and Baum, Thomas J., "“Cyst-ained” research into Heterodera parasitism" (2018). Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications. 274.