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This protocol describes the methodology for the determination of the secondary structure of an RNA fragment in solution using Selective 2´-Hydroxyl Acylation analyzed by Primer Extension, abbreviation SHAPE. It consists in the very fast chemical modification of flexible and therefore possibly single-stranded nucleotides in a sequence-independent manner using benzoyl cyanide (BzCN), forming 2´-O-adducts. The modifications in the RNA are then analyzed by primer extension. Reverse transcriptase is blocked by the 2´-O-adducts formed. The advantage of the method is, first, that not each RNA molecule studied but the primer used in the extension reaction is labelled and, second, that the resulting cDNA analyzed in sequencing gels is much more stable than the modified RNA
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Miras, Manuel; Sempere, Raquel N.; Kraft, Jelena Jeremic; Miller, W. Allen; Aranda, Miguel A.; and Truniger, Veronica, "Determination of the Secondary Structure of an RNA fragment in Solution: Selective 2`- Hydroxyl Acylation Analyzed by Primer Extension Assay (SHAPE)" (2015). Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications. 37.