Journal or Book Title
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Leaf wetness duration (LWD) models based on empirical approaches offer practical advantages over physically based models in agricultural applications, but their spatial portability is questionable because they may be biased to the climatic conditions under which they were developed. In our study, spatial portability of three LWD models with empirical characteristics – a RH threshold model, a decision tree model with wind speed correction, and a fuzzy logic model – was evaluated using weather data collected in Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Italy and the USA. The fuzzy logic model was more accurate than the other models in estimating LWD measured by painted leaf wetness sensors. The fraction of correct estimates for the fuzzy logic model was greater (0.87) than for the other models (0.85–0.86) across 28 sites where painted sensors were installed, and the degree of agreement k statistic between the model and painted sensors was greater for the fuzzy logic model (0.71) than that for the other models (0.64–0.66). Values of the kstatistic for the fuzzy logic model were also less variable across sites than those of the other models. When model estimates were compared with measurements from unpainted leaf wetness sensors, the fuzzy logic model had less mean absolute error (2.5 h day−1) than other models (2.6–2.7 h day−1) after the model was calibrated for the unpainted sensors. The results suggest that the fuzzy logic model has greater spatial portability than the other models evaluated and merits further validation in comparison with physical models under a wider range of climate conditions.
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Kim, Kwang Soo; Taylor, S. Elwynn; Gleason, Mark L.; Nutter, Forrest W. Jr.; Coop, Leonard B.; Pfender, William F.; Seem, Robert C.; Sentelhas, Paulo C.; Gillespie, Terry J.; Marta, Anna Dall; and Orlandini, Simone, "Spatial portability of numerical models of leaf wetness duration based on empirical approaches" (2010). Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications. 60.