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Pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Trevir.) Sch. Bip.) is a perennial plant and member of the Asteraceae that is endemic to the Dalmatian region of the former Yugoslavia (36). Pyrethrum is cultivated commercially solely for the production of six closely related esters called pyrethrins. The plant is tufted, slender, and herbaceous, growing to a height of approximately one meter (18). Leaves are alternate and pinnately lobed/narrowly lanceolate to oblong lanceolate. The daisy-like flowers are produced at the termini of stems and consist of a cluster of 40 to 100 bisexual, yellow disk florets encircled by a ring of 18 to 22 pistillate white ray florets atop a moderately convex to subglobose receptacle (Fig. 1; 100). Disk and ray florets both possess 3 to 10 ribbed achenes located between the floret and receptacle. Involucres generally range between 12 and 18 mm in diameter (17,18). Approximately 94% of
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Pethybridge, Sarah J.; Hay, Frank S.; Esker, Paul; Gent, David H.; Wilson, Calum R.; Groom, Tim; and Nutter, Forrest W. Jr., "Diseases of Pyrethrum in Tasmania: Challenges and Prospects for Management" (2008). Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications. 61.