Campus Units

Political Science

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

1978

Journal or Book Title

The Journal of Politics

Volume

40

Issue

2

First Page

468

Last Page

478

Abstract

Although the constitution implies that the primary responsibility in the making of foreign policy resides in the Executive Branch, the Congress shares several important powers in this area.' Among these is the prerogative to join in the making of international commitments, as expressed in the treaty-making provisions of the Constitution.2 Lately, however, critics have argued that the foreign policy powers of Congress have eroded drastically through unilateral action taken by the Executive Branch. The criticism contends, first, that the form of international commitments has changed in recent years. Increasingly, the President has used executive agreements, proclamations, or other unilateral instruments to circumvent the involvement of the Congress.3 A second and related criticism centers on the content of the various international agreements. Even when the Congress has been involved in the agreement-making process, the issues with which it has dealt have been substantively less important than those handled unilaterally by the Executive. According to this view, for example, the making of military agreements has tended to take the form of executive agreements-thus excluding congressional participation-while the making of taxation agreements or radio regulations is presented to the Congress in the forms of treaties.

Comments

This is an article from The Journal of Politics 40 (1978): 468. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

Southern Political Science Association

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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