Journal or Book Title
The Journal of Politics
Locke’s theory of punishment initially appears to be a confused combination of retributive considerations that base punishment on desert and forward-looking considerations that base punishment on future benefits. A more coherent theory emerges, however, if his argument is set in its historical context and compared with that of Grotius, Hobbes, and Pufendorf. Locke rejected retributivism in all but its weakest version and grounded punishment in two distinct rationales, protection of society and restitution for victims. In doing so, Locke’s theory challenges the dichotomy between forward-looking and backward-looking rationales and contemporary conceptions of the domain of ‘‘punishment.’’
Southern Political Science Association`
Tuckness, Alex, "Retribution and Restitution in Locke’s Theory of Punishment" (2010). Political Science Publications. 43.