Campus Units

Human Development and Family Studies, Psychology

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

12-2000

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Volume

79

Issue

6

First Page

1088

Last Page

1101

DOI

10.1037//0022-3514.79.6.1088

Abstract

The effects of community characteristics on well-being were examined among 709 African American women. Direct and moderating effects of neighborhood characteristics on distress were tested. Aggregate-level ratings of neighborhood cohesion and disorder were significantly related to distress, although the relation between cohesion and distress became nonsignificant when individual risk factors were statistically controlled. Aggregate-level neighborhood variables interacted significantly with individual risk and resource variables in the prediction of distress, consistent with trait-situation interaction theories (D. Magnusson & N. S. Endler, 1977). Community cohesion intensified the benefits of a positive life outlook. Community disorder intensified both the benefits of personal resources and the detrimental effects of personal risk factors. Results showed evidence of resilience among African American women.

Comments

This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: 10.1037//0022-3514.79.6.1088. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

American Psychological Association, Inc.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

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