Campus Units

Psychology

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

7-12-2019

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition

DOI

10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.06.001

Abstract

Despite the robust memory-enhancing benefits of retrieval practice, an initial test can sometimes exacerbate eyewitness’ susceptibility to subsequent misinformation—a phenomenon known as retrieval-enhanced suggestibility. One explanation for this finding is that after taking a memory test, participant witnesses are more likely to treat the subsequently presented misinformation narrative as being credible (the misinformation acceptance account; e.g., Chan, Manley, & Lang, 2017). Another explanation suggests that prior testing enhances participants’ ability to learn the post-event misinformation (the test-potentiated learning account; Chan et al., 2017). In two experiments, we provided a direct test of these alternative hypotheses and showed that testing did not make participants believe the content of the narrative to be more accurate, and the perceived accuracy of the narrative was not associated with the likelihood of misinformation recall. These results are inconsistent with the misinformation acceptance account.

Comments

This accepted manuscript is published as Krista D. Manley & Jason C.K. Chan, Does Retrieval Enhance Suggestibility Because It Increases Perceived Credibility of the Postevent Information? Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. 12 July 2019, Doi: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.06.001. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Available for download on Friday, June 12, 2020

Published Version

Included in

Psychology Commons

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