Presenter Information

D H. Kaelble, Rockwell International

Location

Ithaca, NY

Start Date

1978 12:00 AM

Description

Moisture diffusion analysis (MDA) has been developed as a new non-destructive evaluation methodology to monitor the strength degradation of graphite-epoxy composite materials. Studies of composite strength degradation due to high moisture identify reversible strength loss due to current moisture content and irreversible strength loss related to prior moisture exposure with microstructure damage. MDA measures current moisture content, directional diffusion coefficients, and moisture concentration profiles. MDA measurement utilizes an electrolytic cell to concurrently record cumulative moisture content and moisture effusion rate. Extension of the diffusion analysis of Shen and Springer isolates directional diffusion coefficients and indicates a high sensitivity of MDA to moisture degradation of the fiber-matrix interface. Extension of the methodology to analyze non-Fickian diffusion shows that MDA can be applied to locate regions of composite strength degradation related to hydrothermal cycling effects. Studies which correlate MDA with ultrasonic response, and interlaminar shear strength of composite laminates subjected to localized moisture damage, show that MDA can be applied to map and locate low strength regions of a composite structure.

Book Title

Proceedings of the ARPA/AFML Review of Progress in Quantitative NDE

Chapter

6. NDE for Advanced Materials

Pages

226-232

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Share

COinS
 
Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

Moisture Diffusion Analysis of Composite Strength Degradation

Ithaca, NY

Moisture diffusion analysis (MDA) has been developed as a new non-destructive evaluation methodology to monitor the strength degradation of graphite-epoxy composite materials. Studies of composite strength degradation due to high moisture identify reversible strength loss due to current moisture content and irreversible strength loss related to prior moisture exposure with microstructure damage. MDA measures current moisture content, directional diffusion coefficients, and moisture concentration profiles. MDA measurement utilizes an electrolytic cell to concurrently record cumulative moisture content and moisture effusion rate. Extension of the diffusion analysis of Shen and Springer isolates directional diffusion coefficients and indicates a high sensitivity of MDA to moisture degradation of the fiber-matrix interface. Extension of the methodology to analyze non-Fickian diffusion shows that MDA can be applied to locate regions of composite strength degradation related to hydrothermal cycling effects. Studies which correlate MDA with ultrasonic response, and interlaminar shear strength of composite laminates subjected to localized moisture damage, show that MDA can be applied to map and locate low strength regions of a composite structure.