Location

La Jolla, CA

Start Date

1979 12:00 AM

Description

The scattered radiation patterns of surface cracks irradiated by acoustic surface waves are interpreted to provide estimates of crack length and aspect ratio, geometric crack parameters needed to enable failure prediction. The technique is demonstrated for circular and elliptical cracks as small as 100 μm in depth with an accuracy of about 10%. The key features are the positions and spacing of peaks and nulls in angular and frequency dependence of scattered surface intensity. A simple model based on optical diffraction theory is demonstrated on cracks in commercial hot-pressed silicon nitride studies at 100MHz and on spark eroded slots in commercial aluminum studies at 2-10 MHz. The results are used. to calculate the stress intensity factors and to describe the direction of crack propagation for a variety of real and simulated cracks. Implications of the technique with respect to crack closure and effects of stress and time are also discussed.

Book Title

Proceedings of the ARPA/AFML Review of Progress in Quantitative NDE

Chapter

14. Surface Measurements

Pages

511-524

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Share

COinS
 
Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

Surface Wave Scattering from Elliptical Cracks for Failure Prediction

La Jolla, CA

The scattered radiation patterns of surface cracks irradiated by acoustic surface waves are interpreted to provide estimates of crack length and aspect ratio, geometric crack parameters needed to enable failure prediction. The technique is demonstrated for circular and elliptical cracks as small as 100 μm in depth with an accuracy of about 10%. The key features are the positions and spacing of peaks and nulls in angular and frequency dependence of scattered surface intensity. A simple model based on optical diffraction theory is demonstrated on cracks in commercial hot-pressed silicon nitride studies at 100MHz and on spark eroded slots in commercial aluminum studies at 2-10 MHz. The results are used. to calculate the stress intensity factors and to describe the direction of crack propagation for a variety of real and simulated cracks. Implications of the technique with respect to crack closure and effects of stress and time are also discussed.