Location

La Jolla, CA

Start Date

1-1-1983 12:00 AM

Description

In the fabrication of components with thermosetting polymers, an essential step is the proper optimization of the cure cycle. In the early phases of the cure the polymer must have the appropriate flow properties to assure the proper wetting, spreading, and forming. It must then harden without excessive build up of residual stresses and flaws or the loss of adhesion at any interfaces that are present. To complicate the situation further, many applications such as composites, adhesives, paints, and protective coatings involve thin films whose cure behavior is significantly different than that for bulk samples. To help address this problem, an ultrasonic shear wave propagation technique has been developed. It is a laboratory device that measures the dynamic shear properties of a thin film in a way which is both nondestructive and nonperturbing to any chemical reactions that may be occurring. The applicability of this test method was demonstrated with cure studies on two model systems: one based on tung oil the other based on an epoxy resin.

Book Title

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Volume

2B

Chapter

Section 24: Fiber Reinforced Polymeric Composites

Pages

1711-1729

DOI

10.1007/978-1-4613-3706-5_114

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

Cure Monitoring of Thermosetting Polymers by an Ultrasonic Technique

La Jolla, CA

In the fabrication of components with thermosetting polymers, an essential step is the proper optimization of the cure cycle. In the early phases of the cure the polymer must have the appropriate flow properties to assure the proper wetting, spreading, and forming. It must then harden without excessive build up of residual stresses and flaws or the loss of adhesion at any interfaces that are present. To complicate the situation further, many applications such as composites, adhesives, paints, and protective coatings involve thin films whose cure behavior is significantly different than that for bulk samples. To help address this problem, an ultrasonic shear wave propagation technique has been developed. It is a laboratory device that measures the dynamic shear properties of a thin film in a way which is both nondestructive and nonperturbing to any chemical reactions that may be occurring. The applicability of this test method was demonstrated with cure studies on two model systems: one based on tung oil the other based on an epoxy resin.