Location

La Jolla, CA

Start Date

1-1-1983 12:00 AM

Description

Optical interferometric techniques using single mode optical fiber waveguide embedded in composites and other layered materials have been used to measure one- and two-dimensional stress distributions and acoustic emission caused by applied point source loads. By interferometrically comparing the phases of coherent optical signals propagated through an embedded sample fiber and a bypass reference fiber, a signal proportional to the instantaneous strain integrated along the embedded length of the sample fiber has been detected. System calibration has been obtained by applying a one-dimensional dc strain field to a cantilever beam containing the fiber. Using this calibrated system, an array of fibers attached to a 15cm × 15cm x 0.3cm plate simply supported at the corners and subjected to point loading on the surface has been used to quantitatively determine the two-dimensional dc stress field in the plate. Finally, the calibrated ac response of the interferometer to acoustic emission events in a composite panel has been demonstrated. Potential applications are discussed.

Book Title

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Volume

2B

Chapter

Section 24: Fiber Reinforced Polymeric Composites

Pages

1731-1738

DOI

10.1007/978-1-4613-3706-5_115

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

Interferometric Techniques Using Embedded Optical Fibers for the Quantitative NDE of Composites

La Jolla, CA

Optical interferometric techniques using single mode optical fiber waveguide embedded in composites and other layered materials have been used to measure one- and two-dimensional stress distributions and acoustic emission caused by applied point source loads. By interferometrically comparing the phases of coherent optical signals propagated through an embedded sample fiber and a bypass reference fiber, a signal proportional to the instantaneous strain integrated along the embedded length of the sample fiber has been detected. System calibration has been obtained by applying a one-dimensional dc strain field to a cantilever beam containing the fiber. Using this calibrated system, an array of fibers attached to a 15cm × 15cm x 0.3cm plate simply supported at the corners and subjected to point loading on the surface has been used to quantitatively determine the two-dimensional dc stress field in the plate. Finally, the calibrated ac response of the interferometer to acoustic emission events in a composite panel has been demonstrated. Potential applications are discussed.