Location

Williamsburg, VA

Start Date

1-1-1986 12:00 AM

Description

Sensor development plays a key role in the field of nondestructive evaluation and process control. The annual fiber optic sensor market alone is a multimillion dollar business (1). Acoustic waves are about five orders of magnitude slower than optical waves and can also be guided in cladded glass fibers, similar to optical fibers, with low loss and low dispersion (2–7). Fiber acoustic waveguides are believed to be a very attractive and basic component for further sensor development (8). In this paper a brief theoretical description of a weakly guiding acoustic fiber (7) is given. The material selection criteria for the core and the cladding of the fiber guide, the properties of single-mode operation, and some sensing mechanisms for temperature and pressure variations are discussed. The acoustic waveguide with a liquid core is also considered.

Book Title

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Volume

5A

Chapter

Chapter 3: Sensors and Signal Processing

Section

Sensors

Pages

669-680

DOI

10.1007/978-1-4615-7763-8_69

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

Fiber Acoustic Waveguide : A Sensor Candidate

Williamsburg, VA

Sensor development plays a key role in the field of nondestructive evaluation and process control. The annual fiber optic sensor market alone is a multimillion dollar business (1). Acoustic waves are about five orders of magnitude slower than optical waves and can also be guided in cladded glass fibers, similar to optical fibers, with low loss and low dispersion (2–7). Fiber acoustic waveguides are believed to be a very attractive and basic component for further sensor development (8). In this paper a brief theoretical description of a weakly guiding acoustic fiber (7) is given. The material selection criteria for the core and the cladding of the fiber guide, the properties of single-mode operation, and some sensing mechanisms for temperature and pressure variations are discussed. The acoustic waveguide with a liquid core is also considered.