Location

Williamsburg, VA

Start Date

1-1-1988 12:00 AM

Description

In-process nondestructive evaluation of welds is of major importance for automated weld processing. Real-time evaluation of defect formation makes possible on-line rewelding and adjustment of process parameters. Measurements of physical parameters related to weld quality may also give information important for understanding the weld process and for improvements of weld quality. In this study we implement industrial radiography for real-time weld process monitoring and testing. X-ray penetrating radiation is used for volume observation in the welding pool and the heat-affected zone during the weld process. The advantages of such a technique are on-line testing of defect formation in the weld and the study of metal fusion and filler metal-base metal interaction, metal transfer and mass flow in the welding pool. This technique may also be used for post-service real-time remote testing of weld quality. By integrating automatic nondestructive inspection with an automatic process control system, unified manufacturing control and testing procedures can be developed. In this unit approach, the nondestructive system may be included as a part of the sensing system in the feedback loop of the process control. Research and development of such general concepts for remote weld process control using real-time radiography as a vision system was initiated in our laboratory under the sponsorship of the Edison Welding Institute.

Book Title

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Volume

7B

Chapter

Chapter 7: Characterization of Materials

Section

Process Control

Pages

1581-1588

DOI

10.1007/978-1-4613-0979-6_85

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Share

COinS
 
Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

In-Process Radiography of ARC Weld

Williamsburg, VA

In-process nondestructive evaluation of welds is of major importance for automated weld processing. Real-time evaluation of defect formation makes possible on-line rewelding and adjustment of process parameters. Measurements of physical parameters related to weld quality may also give information important for understanding the weld process and for improvements of weld quality. In this study we implement industrial radiography for real-time weld process monitoring and testing. X-ray penetrating radiation is used for volume observation in the welding pool and the heat-affected zone during the weld process. The advantages of such a technique are on-line testing of defect formation in the weld and the study of metal fusion and filler metal-base metal interaction, metal transfer and mass flow in the welding pool. This technique may also be used for post-service real-time remote testing of weld quality. By integrating automatic nondestructive inspection with an automatic process control system, unified manufacturing control and testing procedures can be developed. In this unit approach, the nondestructive system may be included as a part of the sensing system in the feedback loop of the process control. Research and development of such general concepts for remote weld process control using real-time radiography as a vision system was initiated in our laboratory under the sponsorship of the Edison Welding Institute.