Location

La Jolla, CA

Start Date

1-1-1989 12:00 AM

Description

Ultrasonic backscattering measurements by means of spatial averaging technique were carried out in steel to determine the ultrasonic attenuation coefficient. The attenuation coefficients were evaluated from the exponential decay of the backscattering signal. The results were compared with those obtained by evaluating the amplitude decay of the main pulse. Good agreement is observed provided the condition α s · λ << 1 is valid, i.e. Rayleigh scattering with d/λ ≤ 0.2 and/or weak elastic anisotropy of the single crystal. Otherwise multiple scattering becomes dominant and the amplitude decay of the backscattering curve is no longer related to the attenuation coefficient.

Volume

8B

Chapter

Chapter 9: Characterization of Materials

Section

Properties

Pages

1747-1753

DOI

10.1007/978-1-4613-0817-1_221

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

Ultrasonic Attenuation Measurement Using Backscattering Technique

La Jolla, CA

Ultrasonic backscattering measurements by means of spatial averaging technique were carried out in steel to determine the ultrasonic attenuation coefficient. The attenuation coefficients were evaluated from the exponential decay of the backscattering signal. The results were compared with those obtained by evaluating the amplitude decay of the main pulse. Good agreement is observed provided the condition α s · λ << 1 is valid, i.e. Rayleigh scattering with d/λ ≤ 0.2 and/or weak elastic anisotropy of the single crystal. Otherwise multiple scattering becomes dominant and the amplitude decay of the backscattering curve is no longer related to the attenuation coefficient.