Location

Brunswick, ME

Start Date

1-1-1990 12:00 AM

Description

The need for quantitative nondestructive characterization of solid-solid bonds has grown in response to the increasing industrial demand for production. The work to be reported here is restricted to diffusion bonds in metallic systems and is devoted to a correlation of the bond strength with ultrasonic results. Bond strength is defined as the ultimate stress in a uniaxial tensile test at slow strain rate. Reductions in strength are assumed to occur due to a lack of bonding over a fraction of the surfaces due to non-optimum bonding conditions. The voids produced in the unbonded areas are considered to be crack-like, containing a vacuum or at most a low-pressure gas. Diffusion of the species from the two sides to be bonded is the only process considered, thus neglecting for the moment such effects as precipitate reactions, phase transformations and grain growth. The initial work was performed using identical materials on either side, thus considering only the ultrasonic response of the voids produced at the bonded interface. This paper reports on initial studies using dissimilar materials, necessitating inclusion of the effect of the acoustic impedance mismatch. During the work on dissimilar materials, production of a brittle layer at the bond interface was examined. This brittle layer was caused by a thin layer of carbon present at the bond interface. The challenge of detection of this brittle layer is posed for the nondestructive evaluation community

Book Title

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Volume

9B

Chapter

Chapter 7: Engineered Materials

Section

Metal-Metal Joints

Pages

1347-1354

DOI

10.1007/978-1-4684-5772-8_173

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

Evaluation of Solid-Solid Bonds Nondestructively Using Ultrasound

Brunswick, ME

The need for quantitative nondestructive characterization of solid-solid bonds has grown in response to the increasing industrial demand for production. The work to be reported here is restricted to diffusion bonds in metallic systems and is devoted to a correlation of the bond strength with ultrasonic results. Bond strength is defined as the ultimate stress in a uniaxial tensile test at slow strain rate. Reductions in strength are assumed to occur due to a lack of bonding over a fraction of the surfaces due to non-optimum bonding conditions. The voids produced in the unbonded areas are considered to be crack-like, containing a vacuum or at most a low-pressure gas. Diffusion of the species from the two sides to be bonded is the only process considered, thus neglecting for the moment such effects as precipitate reactions, phase transformations and grain growth. The initial work was performed using identical materials on either side, thus considering only the ultrasonic response of the voids produced at the bonded interface. This paper reports on initial studies using dissimilar materials, necessitating inclusion of the effect of the acoustic impedance mismatch. During the work on dissimilar materials, production of a brittle layer at the bond interface was examined. This brittle layer was caused by a thin layer of carbon present at the bond interface. The challenge of detection of this brittle layer is posed for the nondestructive evaluation community