Location

Seattle, WA

Start Date

1-1-1996 12:00 AM

Description

Although numerous applications of x-ray backscatter tomography (XBT) have been demonstrated, only a few have been fully developed to practical implementation [1–5]. In some applications the images produced by direct data acquisition and display methods are plagued with superposition artifacts that can interfere with interpretation [6]. Non-homogeneous materials such as composites or layered structures are particularly susceptible. Reconstruction methods have been proposed to correct the datum from each volume element (voxel) by exploiting the information in data from overlying voxels [7]. Practical inspection systems, however, present a more challenging problem than the monoenergetic highly collimated laboratory demonstration systems. In particular, the use of a bremmstrahlung source and a fan beam, or slit collimated, detector geometry, deprives us of knowledge of the backscattered photon energies and paths that are needed for a true reconstruction. In this paper, we present our work towards a reconstruction using data from a commercial XBT system (Philips ComScan) and a real composite inspection application. Our approach uses pre-processing to remove system artifacts, a priori information about the material, and an iterative method to determine the composition of each voxel.

Volume

15A

Chapter

Chapter 1: Standard Techniques

Section

Radiography and Computed Tomography

Pages

449-455

DOI

10.1007/978-1-4613-0383-1_57

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

A Practical Algorithm for Reconstruction From X-Ray Backscatter Data

Seattle, WA

Although numerous applications of x-ray backscatter tomography (XBT) have been demonstrated, only a few have been fully developed to practical implementation [1–5]. In some applications the images produced by direct data acquisition and display methods are plagued with superposition artifacts that can interfere with interpretation [6]. Non-homogeneous materials such as composites or layered structures are particularly susceptible. Reconstruction methods have been proposed to correct the datum from each volume element (voxel) by exploiting the information in data from overlying voxels [7]. Practical inspection systems, however, present a more challenging problem than the monoenergetic highly collimated laboratory demonstration systems. In particular, the use of a bremmstrahlung source and a fan beam, or slit collimated, detector geometry, deprives us of knowledge of the backscattered photon energies and paths that are needed for a true reconstruction. In this paper, we present our work towards a reconstruction using data from a commercial XBT system (Philips ComScan) and a real composite inspection application. Our approach uses pre-processing to remove system artifacts, a priori information about the material, and an iterative method to determine the composition of each voxel.