The economic effects of alternative forms of market organization can be studied by direct observation or by experimenting with a simulated economy. The experimental approach in the study of market behavior is a relatively new but important technique for the analysis of many policy issues in American agriculture.
Experimenting on a simulated system is not an analytical approach confined to academic issues; it has its counterpart, for example, in the engineering fields. Major engineering installations often are based on studies involving the use of models in simulated situations; the experimental results provide a basis for more accurately anticipating the actual performance of a dam, a bridge or a vehicle under different conditions. Similarly, simulation in economic research involves model building and manipulation that makes possible. the telescoping of years of actual experience into a matter of minutes and a few dollars worth of computer time.
Maki, Wilbur R. and Crom, Richard J.
"Evaluation of alternative market organizations in a simulated livestock-meat economy,"
Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station): Vol. 35
, Article 1.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/researchbulletin/vol35/iss541/1