Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Jim Sweeney


This study made a critical analysis of summative teacher performance evaluation instruments used nationally in public school systems. The investigation involved identifying in the literature the types of instruments used, the types of rating scales and response modes used, and the merits of the comment section that may be found on the evaluation document. The following purposes provided the framework for the investigation: (1) To determine the degree to which school systems were using summative teacher performance evaluation instruments. (2) To determine the current status of teacher performance evaluation instruments used nationally by ascertaining: (a) the kinds of instruments being used, and (b) the types of criterion found on the instruments. (3) To compare summative teacher performance evaluation instruments by district size and purpose for which the district has said the instrument is used;The findings support the following conclusions: (a) little difference was noted regarding the summative teacher performance evaluation instrument as it relates to the purposes for which districts have said they use the instrument, (b) the category/rating scale evaluation instrument is used most frequently by districts, (c) districts have identified growth as the major purpose for which teachers are evaluated, (d) evaluation instruments usually have criteria that are embedded rather than in a discrete position, and (e) the verbal rating scale is used with a high degree of frequency by the school districts studied.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Felicia Ann Blacher-Rick



Proquest ID


File Format


File Size

102 pages