Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Human Development and Family Studies

First Advisor

Joyce M. Mercier


Using a combination of attachment and obligation theories, this study focuses on the factors that correlate with filial responsibility among Malay families in Selangor, Malaysia. Data for this study were derived from face-to-face interviews with 198 parents, aged 50 years and older, and 188 adult children, aged 18 years and older;Three filial responsibility models (filial expectation, filial maturity, and filial behavior) were estimated separately for parents, mothers, and fathers, as well as for children, daughters, and sons;Filial expectation was related positively to filial reverence in the parents combined model, negatively with marital status, and positively with religiosity and filial reverence for mothers-only group;Filial maturity was related positively with quality of parent-child relationships and incomes, and related negatively with health for parents combined group. In addition, filial behavior was related negatively with marital status and positively with quality of the parent-child relationships for all parents combined. No indicators were associated significantly with filial maturity and filial behavior for mothers-only and fathers-only groups;For the children, filial expectation was associated negatively with gender and positively with filial reverence for daughters-only. No indicators were related significantly with filial expectation for sons;Filial maturity was determined by gender, number of siblings, and reverence for all children, while employment and filial reverence were predictors of maturity for daughters. In addition, employment status and number of siblings were determinants of filial maturity for sons;Filial behavior was related negatively with gender and proximity and positively with quality of parent-child relationships for all children. Birth order and perception of parental health contributed to filial behavior for daughters-only, while marital status, quality of parent-child relationship and number of siblings were determinants of filial behavior in the sons' model;The study highlighted the need to conduct cross-cultural research to develop theoretical perspectives in intergenerational relationships. Implications of the study and suggestions for further research are included.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Tengku Aizan Binti Tengku Abdul Hamid



Proquest ID


File Format


File Size

263 pages