Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Jerry Lee Hall
This dissertation deals with dynamics and controls for robot manipulators with open and closed kinematic chain mechanisms;Part I of this dissertation considers the problem of designing a class of robust algorithms for the trajectory tracking control of unconstrained single robot manipulator. The general control structure consists of two parts: The nominal control laws are first introduced to stabilize the system in the absence of uncertainties, then a class of robust nonlinear control laws are adopted to compensate for both the structured uncertainties and the unstructured uncertainties by using deterministic approach. The possible upper bounds of uncertainties are assumed to be known for the nonadaptive version of robust nonlinear controls. If information on these bounds is not available, then the adaptive bound of the robust controller is presented to overcome possible time-varying uncertainties (i.e., decentralized adaptive control scheme);Part II of the dissertation presents the efficient methodology of formulating system dynamics and hybrid position/force control for a single robot manipulator under geometric end-effector constraints. In order to facilitate dynamic analysis and control synthesis, the original joint-space dynamics (or a set of DAEs) is transformed into the constraint-space model through nonlinear transformations. Using the transformed dynamic model, a class of hybrid control laws are presented to manipulate the position and contact force at the end-effector simultaneously and accurately: the modified computed torque method, the robust adaptive controller, and the adaptive hybrid impedance controller;Part III of the dissertation deals with a mathematical modeling and coordinated control of multiple robot manipulators holding and transporting a rigid common object on the constraint surfaces. First, the kinematics and dynamics of multiple robot systems containing the closed-chain mechanisms are formulated from a unified viewpoint. After a series of model transformations, a new combined dynamic model is derived for dynamic analysis and control synthesis. Next, a class of hybrid position/force controllers are developed. The control laws can be used to simultaneously control the position of the object along the constraint surfaces and the contact forces (the internal grasping forces and the external constraint forces).
Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/
You, Sam-Sang, "Dynamics and controls for robot manipulators with open and closed kinematic chain mechanisms " (1994). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 10870.