Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Gregory J. Welk
Research on children's physical activity indicates that children may not be getting sufficient amounts of physical activity. Much of the research has utilized samples from public schools but little research has been done on the growing population of home school children. This series of studies examines the relationship among the psychosocial correlates of physical activity (Attraction to PA, Perceived Competence, and Parental Influence) between home school and public school children, and their levels and patterns of physical activity. Trends were found for the psychosocial correlates of physical activity, with public school children scoring higher on all three measures than home school children. The findings also indicate a difference in levels of physical activity, although the difference may depend on the assessment tool used to measure physical activity. It is also possible that home school and public school children engage in different types of activities, which may be more identifiable with either a self-report or objective measure. Additionally, the results indicate that Attraction to Physical Activity accounts for the greatest amount of variance in physical activity. This suggests that the more enjoyable the activity is for children, the more likely they may be to participate. It is difficult to draw definitive conclusions from these studies due to inherent differences that may exist between home school and public school parents, as well as the structure of the school day. Future studies should explore the differences that may exist between home school and public school parents, the typical day for home school and public school children, and explore additional correlates, such as motor skills.
Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu
Jodee Ann Schaben
Schaben, Jodee Ann, "A comparative evaluation of physical activity in home school and public school children " (2004). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 1196.