Degree Type

Thesis

Date of Award

2008

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

English

First Advisor

Volker H. Hegelheimer

Second Advisor

Dan Douglas

Third Advisor

Charles Kostelnick

Abstract

Although visual support in the form of pictures and video has been widely used in language teaching, there appears to be a dearth of research on the role of visual aids in L2 listening tests (Buck, 2000; Ockey, 2007) and the absence of sound theoretical perspectives on this issue (Ginther, 2001; Gruba, 1999). The existing studies of the role of visual support in L2 listening tests yielded inconclusive results. While some studies showed that visuals can improve test-takers' performance on L2 listening tests (e.g., Ginther, 2002), others revealed no facilitative effect of visuals on listening comprehension of test-takers (e.g., Coniam, 2001; Gruba, 1993; Ockey, 2007).;The given study, conducted at Iowa State University in Spring 2008, investigated the influence of context visuals, namely a single photograph and video, on test-takers performance on a computer-based Listening Test developed specifically for this study. The Listening Test, consisting of six listening passages and 30 multiple-choice questions, was administered to 34 international students from three English listening classes. In particular, the study examined whether test-takers perform differently on three types of listening passages: passages with a single photograph, video-mediated listening passages, and audio-only listening passages. In addition, participants' responses on the Post-Test Questionnaire were analyzed to determine whether their preferences of visual stimuli in listening tests corresponded with their actual performance on different types of visuals.;The results indicated that while no difference was found between the scores for photo-mediated and audio-only listening passages, participants' performance on video-mediated listening passages was significantly lower.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-16671

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Ruslan S. Suvorov

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI1454627

OCLC Number

268794032

ISBN

9780549685029

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

100 pages

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