Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
J. Adin Mann, III
A new method of evaluating tillage tools using computational fluid dynamics is proposed. Steady-state CFD only and transient two-way fluid-structure interaction simulations were run to predict draft and vertical forces on a spring-reset field cultivator standard. Using CFD the soil was treated as a visco-plastic fluid using the Bingham-plastic material model. Lab tests were run using a rigid flat steel bar and a production field cultivator standard with 178 and 254 mm sweeps for comparison. The results indicate that the method can be used to reasonably predict the draft force to within three standard deviations of the average measured draft. The method was successfully used to determine which sweep size created the higher draft forces. The method also was able to predict the areas on the tool with the highest pressure related to the locations that exhibit the highest wear. Soil parameters were measured using a standard technique, but modified values were needed to get good agreement between measured and calculated forces. An alternate method of measuring soil properties using a flat steel bar was therefore proposed. Further work is needed to determine if the modified soil properties were correct, requiring the new soil property measurement technique, or if the CFD method needs to be modified.
Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/
Mark Eugene Barker
Barker, Mark Eugene, "Predicting loads on ground engaging tillage tools using computational fluid dynamics" (2008). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 15886.