Degree Type

Thesis

Date of Award

1-1-2003

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

Major

Agricultural Engineering (Agricultural Structures and Environmental Systems Engineering)

Abstract

Understanding feeding characteristics of animals is of fundamental value to engineering design and management strategies for enhanced well-being and production efficiency. White Leghorn laying hens have a high tendency of feather pecking and cannibalism. Beak trimming has been a management practice used by the U.S. poultry industry to prevent such cannibalism. However, beak trimming may temporarily or permanently alter the feeding behavior of the birds, which may need to be considered in the engineering design or management schemes (e.g., number of birds per feeder or per feed-line space, time allocation in a mealtime feeding scheme). This study aims to systematically evaluate feeding behaviors of poultry, under both nearly natural conditions and various modified conditions as encountered in commercial production situations. Electronic instrumentation systems and an analytical algorithm are used to yield meal size, meal duration, ingestion rate, and meal interval. The first study examined the comparative feeding behaviors of laying hens with or without beak trimming and revealed intriguing results. A second study quantifies feeding behavior of pullets with or without beak trimming during the period subsequent to beak trimming at 7 days of age. The approach may also be used as a non-invasive means to quantify animal welfare.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-20200716-108

Copyright Owner

Kelly Elaine Persyn

Language

en

OCLC Number

53316064

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

47 pages

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