Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Jan L. Flora
This study examines neighborhood characteristics as predictors of parenting quality among African-American mothers. Drawing upon Wilson's (1996) ideas of how community conditions affect the urban poor, I examined protective qualities of community life including residential stability and social capital. I examined social capital in two separate social fields based on Wilkinson's (1970) field theory approach to community development. These two separate fields, community and organizational social capital were tested as predictors of African-American mothers' psychological well-being and parenting quality;Among the 759 African-American mothers who participated in this study, high residential stability significantly predicted community social capital but not organizational social capital. My results showed that organizational social capital significantly predicted African-American mothers' psychological well-being, whereas community social capital marginally predicted mothers' psychological well-being. Finally, my results showed a positive and direct relationship from community and organizational social capital to parenting quality among this group of African-American mothers. These effects were not mediated by psychological well-being, but retained significance when controlling for psychological well-being and an extensive set of community-level and individual-level demographic control variables.
Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/
Wallace, Gail, "Residential stability, social capital and parenting quality among African-American mothers " (2006). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 3029.