Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

2002

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

John D. Corbett

Abstract

A series of quaternary lanthanide halide cluster compounds AR6I 12Z (R = La, Pr) with transition metal interstitials (Z) and alkali or alkaline earth metal cations (A) have been synthesized by high temperature solid state techniques. The compounds were structurally characterized by single crystal and powder x-ray diffraction methods, as well as energy dispersive spectroscopy on selected examples. The LiLa6I12Os compound was further studied by neutron powder diffraction and 7Li nuclear magnetic resonance in order to locate the lithium cations more confidently.;Like many other lanthanide and early transition metal halides, the new phases, which are isostructural with rhombohedral R7X12Z (R = Sc, Y, La-Lu; X = Cl, Br, I; Z = transition metal or main group element), are constituted of nominally octahedral R6X12 units. Electronic requirements of the relatively electron-poor lanthanide clusters demand the incorporation of an interstitial atom (Z) at the center of each octahedron. In addition to the six R atoms in the octahedral cluster, a seventh R cation occupies an isolated position between clusters, surrounded only by halides. In the present work, alkali and alkaline earth metals (Li, Na, Mg, Ca, Sr) preferentially substitute for this isolated R atom such that the position is fractionally occupied as (AxR 1--x) with x ≤ 1; the balance of the structure remains essentially unchanged.;The electrical and magnetic properties of several ALa6I 12Z compounds were investigated through bulk resistivity and susceptibility measurements. All were semiconductors and exhibited Curie-Weiss paramagnetism at low temperatures but had more complicated mixed-state magnetic characters at room temperature.;This research was supported by the National Science Foundation - Solid State Chemistry - Grants DMR -9809850, -9510278, -0129785, and was carried out in the facilities of the Ames Laboratory, U.S. Department of energy.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-8747

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu

Copyright Owner

Elizabeth Ann Jensen

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI3051473

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

121 pages

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