Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Randall L. Geiger


The operational amplifier (op amp) is one of the most widely used and important building blocks in analog circuit design. High gain and high speed are two important properties of op amps because they determine the settling behavior of the op amps. As supply voltages decrease, the realization of high gain amplifiers with large Gain-Bandwidth-Products (GBW) has become challenging. The major focus in this dissertation is on the negative output impedance gain enhancement technique. The negative impedance gain enhancement technique offers potential for achieving very high gain and energy-efficient fast settling and is low-voltage compatible. Misconceptions that have limited the practical adoption of this gain enhancement technique are discussed. A new negative conductance gain enhancement technique was proposed. The proposed circuit generates a negative conductance with matching requirements for achieving very high DC gain that are less stringent than those for existing -g m gain enhancement schemes. The proposed circuit has potential for precise digital control of a very large DC gain. A prototype fully differential CMOS operational amplifier was designed and fabricated based on the proposed gain enhancement technique. Experimental results which showed a DC gain of 85dB and an output swing of 876mVp-p validated the fundamental performance characteristics of this technique. In a separate section, a new amplifier architecture with bandpass feedforward compensation is presented. It is shown that a bandpass feedforward path can be used to substantially extend the unity-gain-frequency of an operational amplifier. Simulation results predict significant improvements in rise time and settling performance and show that the bandpass compensation scheme is reasonably robust. In the final section, a new technique for asynchronous data recovery based upon using a delay line in the incoming data path is introduced. The proposed data recovery system is well suited for tight tolerance channels and coding systems supporting standards that limit the maximum number of consecutive 0's and 1's in a data stream. This system does not require clock recovery, suffers no loss of data during acquisition, has a reduced sensitivity to jitter in the incoming data and does not exhibit jitter enhancement associated with VCO tracking in a PLL.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Jie Yan



Proquest ID


File Format


File Size

103 pages