Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Barbara Schwarte


Television as a Valuable Tool for Language Learning

Television has been touted by many to be beneficial for second language learners for several reasons: (1) it allows the learner to receive aural and visual clues; (2) it enables cultural awareness and sociolinguistic language- knowledge; (3) it allows the viewer to observe the second language in an almost real-life communicative situation; (4) with no fear of forced production as in the classroom, there is less anxiety, which should allow for lowering of the affective filter, thus allowing for comprehensible input (Krashen, 1985).

The Innovation in Closed Captioning

As of July 1, 1993, yet another aspect of this medium is now readily available. To comply with a federal law, all television sets over thirteen inches in size that are sold in the United States, whether imported or locally manufactured, must contain the necessary device for decoding closed captioned programs. Originally closed captioning was developed for the hearing-impaired, but for a number of years it has been used in the United States as an aid for teaching English reading to hearing students. Presently closed captioned programs are transmitted over eight hundred hours per week, showing a doubling in the amount of time since 1990 (Parks, 1994).



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Sarah Rose Zamoon



Date Available

May 11, 2013

File Format


File Size

100 pages