Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1980

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Psychology

Abstract

In an attempt to provide some data concerning the effects of interpersonal touch in a counseling setting not available from earlier work, the present investigation explored the effects of various levels of touch on client perceptions of counselor credibility and attractiveness. A completely randomized 2 x 2 x 2 x 4 partial hierarchical design was employed. The four fixed effect factors were counselor sex, subject sex, individual counselor, and touch manipulation (four levels). Eighty male and 80 female Caucasian American undergraduates served as subjects. The dependent variables were perceived counselor expertness, attractiveness and trustworthiness as measured by the Counselor Rating Form. Results indicated (a) the Counselor Rating Form is a reliable instrument, (b) a significant main effect for the sex of the counselor such that males were perceived more favorably than females, and, (c) a significant main effect for the individual counselor. The major hypothesis put forward in the introduction, that the presence of interpersonal touch would enhance client perceptions of counselor credibility and attractiveness, was not supported. The touch manipulation did, however, enter into interaction effects, but only on the dimension of perceived counselor expertness. The results are discussed in terms of their theoretical and practical implications for counseling and future research.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-3534

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Ralph Joseph Shirley

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI8103448

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

97 pages

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