Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Agricultural Education and Studies


The purpose of this investigation was to determine what educational factors influenced changes in the farming programs of young farm operators and how these factors contributed to the continued establishment of the young farm operators who were studied by Crawford in 1968;More specifically, the objectives of this study were to (1) assess or determine the current educational status of selected Iowa young farmers, (2) relate current educational factors to current agricultural, economic and social conditions of selected Iowa young farmers, (3) establish a relationship between educational change and the change in farming status of Iowa young farmers, and (4) assess and determine agricultural education programs and techniques that should be used to strengthen and promote enterprises of Iowa young farmers;The population of the study included all farm operators in Iowa who were between the ages of 18 and 30 inclusive, as of December 31, 1968, who were studied by Dr. Harold Crawford;Three hundred and seven persons were interviewed in the original study of Crawford's in 1968. Of these 307 individuals, it was found that 234 or 76.3 percent, were known to be farming in 1978. Of this group, interviews were completed on 93.6 percent or 219 persons;The majority of the 219 respondents interviewed in this study were found to be high school graduates;Educational programs, especially young or adult farmer classes, and Iowa State University short courses, were not participated in by a majority of the respondents in this study. Extension meetings and clinics were seldom attended by the majority of the respondents;Commercial companies had wide acceptance from farm operators both in attendance at meetings and as a source of information for farming;Farm magazines were reported by the respondents as their most valued source of technical information for farming;Crop and livestock production as areas of instruction was rated the highest value by the respondents in this study;Area short courses was the teaching approach favored most by the respondents followed by closed circuit television agriculture programs;Participation in programs designed to meet the educational needs of young and adult farmers according to this study is slight. Vocational agriculture instructors, extension personnel, land grant college personnel, and area school teachers, have a task ahead of them in utilizing all available resources in meeting this challenge.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Keith Lloyd Smith



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243 pages