Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Sociology and Anthropology
This research investigation considers attitude towards retirement as a complex nucleus developed in response to a multitude of variables that have to be explicated from several time periods. A basic assumption, therefore, has been that the numerous intricasies involved in the development of attitude towards retirement and the expectation and adjustment to retirement and married females can only be comprehended within a framework that takes into account the respondent's perception of the chain of events beginning in nonwork, through a period of work outside the home, and into nonwork again;The results of this research point to the fact that, while the major motivating factor for work outside the home for an overwhelming majority of females is economic, when economic motivation is correlated with the subsequent attitude towards employment, the results demonstrate a negative correlation between the two variables;Measures of job satisfaction indicate that challenging job tasks, ability to see the results of one's work and having enough authority to make decisions about one's job add a great deal to the satisfaction derived from the employment career. Further, our findings indicate that females in this study value the intrinsic aspects of their jobs and derive satisfaction from the same sources as men do. In general, most (81%) carry a neutral or a positive attitude towards employment even though pay and financial rewards are the least satisfying aspects of their jobs;Attitude towards retirement as measured by objective criteria affecting adjustment to and satisfaction with retirement indicates that, while a small percentage display a negative attitude, most carry a neutral or a positive attitude towards retirement. Further, the intercorrelations of the independent variables and the attitude towards retirement indicate that post retirement variables such as an adequate income and good health are exceedingly more important in the assessment of the attitude towards retirement than current employment variables or perceived experiences of the past. The generally assumed inverse relationship between work attitudes and retirement attitudes is not borne out by the statistical findings of this study. Thus, the results of this study support the conclusion that attitude towards retirement is better understood as a response to the worker's appraisal of the anticipated retirement situation rather than a part of a general orientation emphasizing the employment career.
Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/
Geetha Nalini Solomon
Solomon, Geetha Nalini, "Attitude towards retirement: a study of state employed females of Iowa " (1981). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 6951.