Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1981

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Industrial Education and Technology

Abstract

The training of most Emergency Medical Technicians - Ambulance today was conceived in the 1960s using the medical model of diagnoses and treatment. The demands upon the occupation by society, however, go beyond the limits of the original medical model. The medical model, for Emergency Medical Technicians - Ambulance, ignores interpersonal contact, complications caused by the emotions and values of both the Emergency Medical Technicians - Ambulance and the victim, and the advent of death as a factor in job element problem solving;This evaluative research study diverged from the usual attempt to measure performance standards based upon the application of knowledge, skills and attitudes derived from the training. Rather, it demonstrated a method of determining the needs of training by comparing the opinions of persons working on the job and the quantitative evidence of what records indicate the worker is actually doing;Using the principle of canonical correlation, the study statistically compared training outputs (Knowledge) against the opinions of Emergency Medical Technicians - Ambulance (Attitudes) and empirical data taken from records of victims (Behavior) across a sample of all behaviors which constitute the population of occupational elements. The evidence indicated that there is no significant correlation in this comparison. It further indicated that less than one-half the requirements of the job are being met by basic training. The study did show, however, there is a correlation between the attitudes of Emergency Medical Technicians - Ambulance and behaviors taken from the victim's record;The study also tested the independence of occupational elements required to accomplish the work based upon the geographical location of Emergency Medical Technician - Ambulance. The conclusions of these tests indicate that the job elements are dependent upon the geographical location.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-5220

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

John Keith Smola

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI8209175

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

109 pages

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