Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1986

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Education

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine females' sex-appropriate occupational choices, work commitment, and organizational commitment as they relate to residency, age, education, role stress, sex-role perception, risk-taking characteristics, marital status, number and ages of children, and job level;The occupational choice groups were defined as traditional, neuter, or nontraditional according to the relative number of females and males employed in specific occupations;The data used for this study were obtained from questionnaires mailed to a midwestern, general population. The questionnaire was the Bem Sex Role Inventory, the Lodahl and Kejner Work Attitudes Scale, the Cook and Wall Organizational Commitment Measure, three subscales of the 16 Personality Factors Inventory, and selected demographic items. A 23 percent return rate resulted in an N of 164;Hypothesis I findings. The significant variables, either individually or as a set, relating to occupational choice as traditional, neutral, or nontraditional, were residency, education, role stress, and the risk-taking characteristic of bold-adventurous;Hypothesis II findings. The significant variables, either individually or as a set, relating to a low, average, or high degree of work commitment, were residency, education, job level, and the risk-taking characteristics of dominance and liberality;Hypothesis III findings. The significant variables, either individually or as a set, relating to a low, average, or high degree of organizational commitment, were age, education, job level, and the risk-taking characteristics of dominance, bold-adventurous, and liberality;Conclusion. The results of this study suggest that older or urban females with higher education and/or job levels, and who score higher on scales measuring characteristics related to risk-taking, tend to choose more nontraditional occupations, and may have higher degrees of work commitment and/or organizational commitment.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-11176

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Trisha Steiner

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI8615090

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

167 pages

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