Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1986

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Sociology and Anthropology

Abstract

This dissertation is composed of two research papers. The first paper analyzes the accounts of a sample (n = 25) of convicted murderers. The results show that offenders employ either justifications (i.e., self-defense or victim precipitated violence) or excuses (i.e., alcohol and drugs, stressful life-events, or social influence) to explain their violent behavior. The second paper examines inmates' perceptions regarding the importance of selected social factors (i.e., blocked opportunities, criminal labels, criminal value orientation, parental abuse, and alcohol/drugs) to explain their criminal behavior. Additionally, the analysis was designed to determine the extent to which the offenders' importance ratings differed by type of crime (e.g., property or violent). The results show that the offenders' importance ratings do not vary significantly by type of crime.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-7912

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Melvin C. Ray

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI8703751

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

147 pages

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