Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Electrical and Computer Engineering
The objective of this study was to determine and compare the direction finding capabilities of high resolution spectral analysis techniques applied to the signals from an antenna array. The maintenance of acceptable resolution over a broad operating frequency range was of particular concern. The comparison was accomplished by computer simulation of the performance of a linear array of eleven isotropic elements, spaced 15 cm apart, over the frequency range from 100 MHz to 1.0 GHz;The two-signal resolution of three linear prediction based algorithms was compared. The variation in performance with signal-to-noise ratio, frequency, and center angle of arrival was also evaluated;An algorithm due to Tufts and Kumaresan which reduces the effects of noise by replacing the noisy signal correlation matrix by a smoothed, least-squares fit to it gave the best performance at the cost of the highest computational complexity. A special case of this method which is easy to compute exhibited "blind" angles, where performance was severely degraded in spite of wide spacing of the sources;The ratio of the physical length of the array to the length of the modulation envelope set up by the interference of the two incoming signals was found to be a constant at the point of resolution. This led to an expression for the two-signal resolution as a function of look angle, array length, frequency, and this algorithm dependent constant.
Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/
Larry Donald Bacon
Bacon, Larry Donald, "An evaluation of the broadband direction finding capabilities of array signal processing techniques " (1983). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 8405.