Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1987

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Education

Abstract

This study investigated whether financial stress brought about by economic changes in farm communities had an effect on academic achievement of young adolescents. Additionally, whether this effect was mediated by the social support of parents and/or the degree of dissonance in relationships with parents was also studied. Young adolescents, mothers and fathers from 105 farm and nonfarm families participated. The degree of financial hardship reported by the adolescents was positively related to their feelings of depression and to the degree of dissonance in their relationships with their parents. Their perceptions of financial hardship were negatively related to the amount of social support they felt from their parents, as well as their school grade-point average (GPA) controlled for pre-farm-crisis achievement. Both mothers and fathers reported a significantly greater degree of financial hardship in their families than did their adolescent children, suggesting that they may be protecting their children from this hardship for as long as possible. When the data from the male and female adolescents were examined separately in path models, they indicated that it was primarily the father-son relationship that was affected by financial crisis.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-12634

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Dania S. Clark-Lempers

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI8716752

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

131 pages

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